1 The words of
the Preacher, the son of David, king in Jerusalem.
2 Vanity of vanities, saith the Preacher, vanity of vanities;
all is vanity.
3 What profit hath a man of all his labour which he taketh under
4 One generation passeth away, and another generation cometh:
but the earth abideth for ever.
5 The sun also ariseth, and the sun goeth down, and hasteth
to his place where he arose.
6 The wind goeth toward the south, and turneth about unto the
north; it whirleth about continually, and the wind returneth
again according to his circuits.
7 All the rivers run into the sea; yet the sea is not full;
unto the place from whence the rivers come, thither they return
8 All things are full of labour; man cannot utter it: the eye
is not satisfied with seeing, nor the ear filled with hearing.
9 The thing that hath been, it is that which shall be; and that
which is done is that which shall be done: and there is no new
thing under the sun.
10 Is there any thing whereof it may be said, See, this is new?
it hath been already of old time, which was before us.
11 There is no remembrance of former things; neither shall there
be any remembrance of things that are to come with those that
shall come after.
12 I the Preacher was king over Israel in Jerusalem.
13 And I gave my heart to seek and search out by wisdom concerning
all things that are done under heaven: this sore travail hath
God given to the sons of man to be exercised therewith.
14 I have seen all the works that are done under the sun; and,
behold, all is vanity and vexation of spirit.
15 That which is crooked cannot be made straight: and that which
is wanting cannot be numbered.
16 I communed with mine own heart, saying, Lo, I am come to
great estate, and have gotten more wisdom than all they that
have been before me in Jerusalem: yea, my heart had great experience
of wisdom and knowledge.
17 And I gave my heart to know wisdom, and to know madness and
folly: I perceived that this also is vexation of spirit.
18 For in much wisdom is much grief: and he that increaseth
knowledge increaseth sorrow.
1 I said in mine
heart, Go to now, I will prove thee with mirth, therefore enjoy
pleasure: and, behold, this also is vanity.
2 I said of laughter, It is mad: and of mirth, What doeth it?
3 I sought in mine heart to give myself unto wine, yet acquainting
mine heart with wisdom; and to lay hold on folly, till I might
see what was that good for the sons of men, which they should
do under the heaven all the days of their life.
4 I made me great works; I builded me houses; I planted me vineyards:
5 I made me gardens and orchards, and I planted trees in them
of all kind of fruits:
6 I made me pools of water, to water therewith the wood that
bringeth forth trees:
7 I got me servants and maidens, and had servants born in my
house; also I had great possessions of great and small cattle
above all that were in Jerusalem before me:
8 I gathered me also silver and gold, and the peculiar treasure
of kings and of the provinces: I gat me men singers and women
singers, and the delights of the sons of men, as musical instruments,
and that of all sorts.
9 So I was great, and increased more than all that were before
me in Jerusalem: also my wisdom remained with me.
10 And whatsoever mine eyes desired I kept not from them, I
withheld not my heart from any joy; for my heart rejoiced in
all my labour: and this was my portion of all my labour.
11 Then I looked on all the works that my hands had wrought,
and on the labour that I had laboured to do: and, behold, all
was vanity and vexation of spirit, and there was no profit under
12 And I turned myself to behold wisdom, and madness, and folly:
for what can the man do that cometh after the king? even that
which hath been already done.
13 Then I saw that wisdom excelleth folly, as far as light excelleth
14 The wise man's eyes are in his head; but the fool walketh
in darkness: and I myself perceived also that one event happeneth
to them all.
15 Then said I in my heart, As it happeneth to the fool, so
it happeneth even to me; and why was I then more wise? Then
I said in my heart, that this also is vanity.
16 For there is no remembrance of the wise more than of the
fool for ever; seeing that which now is in the days to come
shall all be forgotten. And how dieth the wise man? as the fool.
17 Therefore I hated life; because the work that is wrought
under the sun is grievous unto me: for all is vanity and vexation
18 Yea, I hated all my labour which I had taken under the sun:
because I should leave it unto the man that shall be after me.
19 And who knoweth whether he shall be a wise man or a fool?
yet shall he have rule over all my labour wherein I have laboured,
and wherein I have shewed myself wise under the sun. This is
20 Therefore I went about to cause my heart to despair of all
the labour which I took under the sun.
21 For there is a man whose labour is in wisdom, and in knowledge,
and in equity; yet to a man that hath not laboured therein shall
he leave it for his portion. This also is vanity and a great
22 For what hath man of all his labour, and of the vexation
of his heart, wherein he hath laboured under the sun?
23 For all his days are sorrows, and his travail grief; yea,
his heart taketh not rest in the night. This is also vanity.
24 There is nothing better for a man, than that he should eat
and drink, and that he should make his soul enjoy good in his
labour. This also I saw, that it was from the hand of God.
25 For who can eat, or who else can hasten hereunto, more than
26 For God giveth to a man that is good in his sight wisdom,
and knowledge, and joy: but to the sinner he giveth travail,
to gather and to heap up, that he may give to him that is good
before God. This also is vanity and vexation of spirit.
1 To every thing
there is a season, and a time to every purpose under the heaven:
2 A time to be born, and a time to die; a time to plant, and
a time to pluck up that which is planted;
3 A time to kill, and a time to heal; a time to break down,
and a time to build up;
4 A time to weep, and a time to laugh; a time to mourn, and
a time to dance;
5 A time to cast away stones, and a time to gather stones together;
a time to embrace, and a time to refrain from embracing;
6 A time to get, and a time to lose; a time to keep, and a time
to cast away;
7 A time to rend, and a time to sew; a time to keep silence,
and a time to speak;
8 A time to love, and a time to hate; a time of war, and a time
9 What profit hath he that worketh in that wherein he laboureth?
10 I have seen the travail, which God hath given to the sons
of men to be exercised in it.
11 He hath made every thing beautiful in his time: also he hath
set the world in their heart, so that no man can find out the
work that God maketh from the beginning to the end.
12 I know that there is no good in them, but for a man to rejoice,
and to do good in his life.
13 And also that every man should eat and drink, and enjoy the
good of all his labour, it is the gift of God.
14 I know that, whatsoever God doeth, it shall be for ever:
nothing can be put to it, nor any thing taken from it: and God
doeth it, that men should fear before him.
15 That which hath been is now; and that which is to be hath
already been; and God requireth that which is past.
16 And moreover I saw under the sun the place of judgment, that
wickedness was there; and the place of righteousness, that iniquity
17 I said in mine heart, God shall judge the righteous and the
wicked: for there is a time there for every purpose and for
18 I said in mine heart concerning the estate of the sons of
men, that God might manifest them, and that they might see that
they themselves are beasts.
19 For that which befalleth the sons of men befalleth beasts;
even one thing befalleth them: as the one dieth, so dieth the
other; yea, they have all one breath; so that a man hath no
preeminence above a beast: for all is vanity.
20 All go unto one place; all are of the dust, and all turn
to dust again.
21 Who knoweth the spirit of man that goeth upward, and the
spirit of the beast that goeth downward to the earth?
22 Wherefore I perceive that there is nothing better, than that
a man should rejoice in his own works; for that is his portion:
for who shall bring him to see what shall be after him?