1 And the king
sent, and they gathered unto him all the elders of Judah and
2 And the king went up into the house of the LORD, and all the
men of Judah and all the inhabitants of Jerusalem with him,
and the priests, and the prophets, and all the people, both
small and great: and he read in their ears all the words of
the book of the covenant which was found in the house of the
3 And the king stood by a pillar, and made a covenant before
the LORD, to walk after the LORD, and to keep his commandments
and his testimonies and his statutes with all their heart and
all their soul, to perform the words of this covenant that were
written in this book. And all the people stood to the covenant.
4 And the king commanded Hilkiah the high priest, and the priests
of the second order, and the keepers of the door, to bring forth
out of the temple of the LORD all the vessels that were made
for Baal, and for the grove, and for all the host of heaven:
and he burned them without Jerusalem in the fields of Kidron,
and carried the ashes of them unto Bethel.
5 And he put down the idolatrous priests, whom the kings of
Judah had ordained to burn incense in the high places in the
cities of Judah, and in the places round about Jerusalem; them
also that burned incense unto Baal, to the sun, and to the moon,
and to the planets, and to all the host of heaven.
6 And he brought out the grove from the house of the LORD, without
Jerusalem, unto the brook Kidron, and burned it at the brook
Kidron, and stamped it small to powder, and cast the powder
thereof upon the graves of the children of the people.
7 And he brake down the houses of the sodomites, that were by
the house of the LORD, where the women wove hangings for the
8 And he brought all the priests out of the cities of Judah,
and defiled the high places where the priests had burned incense,
from Geba to Beer-sheba, and brake down the high places of the
gates that were in the entering in of the gate of Joshua the
governor of the city, which were on a man's left hand at the
gate of the city.
9 Nevertheless the priests of the high places came not up to
the altar of the LORD in Jerusalem, but they did eat of the
unleavened bread among their brethren.
10 And he defiled Topheth, which is in the valley of the children
of Hinnom, that no man might make his son or his daughter to
pass through the fire to Molech.
11 And he took away the horses that the kings of Judah had given
to the sun, at the entering in of the house of the LORD, by
the chamber of Nathan-melech the chamberlain, which was in the
suburbs, and burned the chariots of the sun with fire.
12 And the altars that were on the top of the upper chamber
of Ahaz, which the kings of Judah had made, and the altars which
Manasseh had made in the two courts of the house of the LORD,
did the king beat down, and brake them down from thence, and
cast the dust of them into the brook Kidron.
13 And the high places that were before Jerusalem, which were
on the right hand of the mount of corruption, which Solomon
the king of Israel had builded for Ashtoreth the abomination
of the Zidonians, and for Chemosh the abomination of the Moabites,
and for Milcom the abomination of the children of Ammon, did
the king defile.
14 And he brake in pieces the images, and cut down the groves,
and filled their places with the bones of men.
15 Moreover the altar that was at Bethel, and the high place
which Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made Israel to sin, had
made, both that altar and the high place he brake down, and
burned the high place, and stamped it small to powder, and burned
16 And as Josiah turned himself, he spied the sepulchres that
were there in the mount, and sent, and took the bones out of
the sepulchres, and burned them upon the altar, and polluted
it, according to the word of the LORD which the man of God proclaimed,
who proclaimed these words.
17 Then he said, What title is that that I see? And the men
of the city told him, It is the sepulchre of the man of God,
which came from Judah, and proclaimed these things that thou
hast done against the altar of Bethel.
18 And he said, Let him alone; let no man move his bones. So
they let his bones alone, with the bones of the prophet that
came out of Samaria.
19 And all the houses also of the high places that were in the
cities of Samaria, which the kings of Israel had made to provoke
the LORD to anger, Josiah took away, and did to them according
to all the acts that he had done in Bethel.
20 And he slew all the priests of the high places that were
there upon the altars, and burned men's bones upon them, and
returned to Jerusalem.
21 And the king commanded all the people, saying, Keep the passover
unto the LORD your God, as it is written in the book of this
22 Surely there was not holden such a passover from the days
of the judges that judged Israel, nor in all the days of the
kings of Israel, nor of the kings of Judah;
23 But in the eighteenth year of king Josiah, wherein this passover
was holden to the LORD in Jerusalem.
24 Moreover the workers with familiar spirits, and the wizards,
and the images, and the idols, and all the abominations that
were spied in the land of Judah and in Jerusalem, did Josiah
put away, that he might perform the words of the law which were
written in the book that Hilkiah the priest found in the house
of the LORD.
25 And like unto him was there no king before him, that turned
to the LORD with all his heart, and with all his soul, and with
all his might, according to all the law of Moses; neither after
him arose there any like him.
26 Notwithstanding the LORD turned not from the fierceness of
his great wrath, wherewith his anger was kindled against Judah,
because of all the provocations that Manasseh had provoked him
27 And the LORD said, I will remove Judah also out of my sight,
as I have removed Israel, and will cast off this city Jerusalem
which I have chosen, and the house of which I said, My name
shall be there.
28 Now the rest of the acts of Josiah, and all that he did,
are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings
29 In his days Pharaoh-nechoh king of Egypt went up against
the king of Assyria to the river Euphrates: and king Josiah
went against him; and he slew him at Megiddo, when he had seen
30 And his servants carried him in a chariot dead from Megiddo,
and brought him to Jerusalem, and buried him in his own sepulchre.
And the people of the land took Jehoahaz the son of Josiah,
and anointed him, and made him king in his father's stead.
31 Jehoahaz was twenty and three years old when he began to
reign; and he reigned three months in Jerusalem. And his mother's
name was Hamutal, the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah.
32 And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD,
according to all that his fathers had done.
33 And Pharaoh-nechoh put him in bands at Riblah in the land
of Hamath, that he might not reign in Jerusalem; and put the
land to a tribute of an hundred talents of silver, and a talent
34 And Pharaoh-nechoh made Eliakim the son of Josiah king in
the room of Josiah his father, and turned his name to Jehoiakim,
and took Jehoahaz away: and he came to Egypt, and died there.
35 And Jehoiakim gave the silver and the gold to Pharaoh; but
he taxed the land to give the money according to the commandment
of Pharaoh: he exacted the silver and the gold of the people
of the land, of every one according to his taxation, to give
it unto Pharaoh-nechoh.
36 Jehoiakim was twenty and five years old when he began to
reign; and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. And his mother's
name was Zebudah, the daughter of Pedaiah of Rumah.
37 And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD,
according to all that his fathers had done.
1 In his days Nebuchadnezzar
king of Babylon came up, and Jehoiakim became his servant three
years: then he turned and rebelled against him.
2 And the LORD sent against him bands of the Chaldees, and bands
of the Syrians, and bands of the Moabites, and bands of the
children of Ammon, and sent them against Judah to destroy it,
according to the word of the LORD, which he spake by his servants
3 Surely at the commandment of the LORD came this upon Judah,
to remove them out of his sight, for the sins of Manasseh, according
to all that he did;
4 And also for the innocent blood that he shed: for he filled
Jerusalem with innocent blood; which the LORD would not pardon.
5 Now the rest of the acts of Jehoiakim, and all that he did,
are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings
6 So Jehoiakim slept with his fathers: and Jehoiachin his son
reigned in his stead.
7 And the king of Egypt came not again any more out of his land:
for the king of Babylon had taken from the river of Egypt unto
the river Euphrates all that pertained to the king of Egypt.
8 Jehoiachin was eighteen years old when he began to reign,
and he reigned in Jerusalem three months. And his mother's name
was Nehushta, the daughter of Elnathan of Jerusalem.
9 And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD, according
to all that his father had done.
10 At that time the servants of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon
came up against Jerusalem, and the city was besieged.
11 And Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came against the city,
and his servants did besiege it.
12 And Jehoiachin the king of Judah went out to the king of
Babylon, he, and his mother, and his servants, and his princes,
and his officers: and the king of Babylon took him in the eighth
year of his reign.
13 And he carried out thence all the treasures of the house
of the LORD, and the treasures of the king's house, and cut
in pieces all the vessels of gold which Solomon king of Israel
had made in the temple of the LORD, as the LORD had said.
14 And he carried away all Jerusalem, and all the princes, and
all the mighty men of valour, even ten thousand captives, and
all the craftsmen and smiths: none remained, save the poorest
sort of the people of the land.
15 And he carried away Jehoiachin to Babylon, and the king's
mother, and the king's wives, and his officers, and the mighty
of the land, those carried he into captivity from Jerusalem
16 And all the men of might, even seven thousand, and craftsmen
and smiths a thousand, all that were strong and apt for war,
even them the king of Babylon brought captive to Babylon.
17 And the king of Babylon made Mattaniah his father's brother
king in his stead, and changed his name to Zedekiah.
18 Zedekiah was twenty and one years old when he began to reign,
and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name
was Hamutal, the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah.
19 And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD,
according to all that Jehoiakim had done.
20 For through the anger of the LORD it came to pass in Jerusalem
and Judah, until he had cast them out from his presence, that
Zedekiah rebelled against the king of Babylon.
1 And it came to
pass in the ninth year of his reign, in the tenth month, in
the tenth day of the month, that Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon
came, he, and all his host, against Jerusalem, and pitched against
it; and they built forts against it round about.
2 And the city was besieged unto the eleventh year of king Zedekiah.
3 And on the ninth day of the fourth month the famine prevailed
in the city, and there was no bread for the people of the land.
4 And the city was broken up, and all the men of war fled by
night by the way of the gate between two walls, which is by
the king's garden: (now the Chaldees were against the city round
about:) and the king went the way toward the plain.
5 And the army of the Chaldees pursued after the king, and overtook
him in the plains of Jericho: and all his army were scattered
6 So they took the king, and brought him up to the king of Babylon
to Riblah; and they gave judgment upon him.
7 And they slew the sons of Zedekiah before his eyes, and put
out the eyes of Zedekiah, and bound him with fetters of brass,
and carried him to Babylon.
8 And in the fifth month, on the seventh day of the month, which
is the nineteenth year of king Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon,
came Nebuzar-adan, captain of the guard, a servant of the king
of Babylon, unto Jerusalem:
9 And he burnt the house of the LORD, and the king's house,
and all the houses of Jerusalem, and every great man's house
burnt he with fire.
10 And all the army of the Chaldees, that were with the captain
of the guard, brake down the walls of Jerusalem round about.
11 Now the rest of the people that were left in the city, and
the fugitives that fell away to the king of Babylon, with the
remnant of the multitude, did Nebuzar-adan the captain of the
guard carry away.
12 But the captain of the guard left of the poor of the land
to be vinedressers and husbandmen.
13 And the pillars of brass that were in the house of the LORD,
and the bases, and the brasen sea that was in the house of the
LORD, did the Chaldees break in pieces, and carried the brass
of them to Babylon.
14 And the pots, and the shovels, and the snuffers, and the
spoons, and all the vessels of brass wherewith they ministered,
took they away.
15 And the firepans, and the bowls, and such things as were
of gold, in gold, and of silver, in silver, the captain of the
guard took away.
16 The two pillars, one sea, and the bases which Solomon had
made for the house of the LORD; the brass of all these vessels
was without weight.
17 The height of the one pillar was eighteen cubits, and the
chapiter upon it was brass: and the height of the chapiter three
cubits; and the wreathen work, and pomegranates upon the chapiter
round about, all of brass: and like unto these had the second
pillar with wreathen work.
18 And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest,
and Zephaniah the second priest, and the three keepers of the
19 And out of the city he took an officer that was set over
the men of war, and five men of them that were in the king's
presence, which were found in the city, and the principal scribe
of the host, which mustered the people of the land, and threescore
men of the people of the land that were found in the city:
20 And Nebuzar-adan captain of the guard took these, and brought
them to the king of Babylon to Riblah:
21 And the king of Babylon smote them, and slew them at Riblah
in the land of Hamath. So Judah was carried away out of their
22 And as for the people that remained in the land of Judah,
whom Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon had left, even over them
he made Gedaliah the son of Ahikam, the son of Shaphan, ruler.
23 And when all the captains of the armies, they and their men,
heard that the king of Babylon had made Gedaliah governor, there
came to Gedaliah to Mizpah, even Ishmael the son of Nethahiah,
and Johanan the son of Careah, and Seraiah the son of Tanhumeth
the Netophathite, and Jaazaniah the son of a Maachathite, they
and their men.
24 And Gedaliah sware to them, and to their men, and said unto
them, Fear not to be the servants of the Chaldees: dwell in
the land, and serve the king of Babylon; and it shall be well
25 But it came to pass in the seventh month, that Ishmael the
son of Nethaniah, the son of Elishama, of the seed royal, came,
and ten men with him, and smote Gedaliah, that he died, and
the Jews and the Chaldees that were with him at Mizpah.
26 And all the people, both small and great, and the captains
of the armies, arose, and came to Egypt: for they were afraid
of the Chaldees.
27 And it came to pass in the seven and thirtieth year of the
captivity of Jehoiachin king of Judah, in the twelfth month,
on the seven and twentieth day of the month, that Evil-merodach
king of Babylon in the year that he began to reign did lift
up the head of Jehoiachin king of Judah out of prison;
28 And he spake kindly to him, and set his throne above the
throne of the kings that were with him in Babylon;
29 And changed his prison garments: and he did eat bread continually
before him all the days of his life.
30 And his allowance was a continual allowance given him of
the king, a daily rate for every day, all the days of his life.