1 And the LORD
said unto Samuel, How long wilt thou mourn for Saul, seeing
I have rejected him from reigning over Israel? fill thine horn
with oil, and go, I will send thee to Jesse the Bethlehemite:
for I have provided me a king among his sons.
2 And Samuel said, How can I go? if Saul hear it, he Will kill
me. And the LORD said, Take an heifer with thee, and say, I
am come to sacrifice to the LORD.
3 And call Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will shew thee what
thou shalt do: and thou shalt anoint unto me him whom I name
4 And Samuel did that which the LORD spake, and came to Bethlehem.
And the elders of the town trembled at his coming, and said,
Comest thou peaceably?
5 And he said, Peaceably: I am come to sacrifice unto the LORD:
sanctify yourselves, and come with me to the sacrifice. And
he sanctified Jesse and his sons, and called them to the sacrifice.
6 And it came to pass, when they were come, that he looked on
Eliab, and said, Surely the LORD's anointed is before him.
7 But the LORD said unto Samuel, Look not on his countenance,
or on the height of his stature; because I have refused him:
for the LORD seeth not as man seeth; for man looketh on the
outward appearance, but the LORD looketh on the heart.
8 Then Jesse called Abinadab, and made him pass before Samuel.
And he said, Neither hath the LORD chosen this.
9 Then Jesse made Shammah to pass by. And he said, Neither hath
the LORD chosen this.
10 Again, Jesse made seven of his sons to pass before Samuel.
And Samuel said unto Jesse, The LORD hath not chosen these.
11 And Samuel said unto Jesse, Are here all thy children? And
he said, There remaineth yet the youngest, and, behold, he keepeth
the sheep. And Samuel said unto Jesse, Send and fetch him: for
we will not sit down till he come hither.
12 And he sent, and brought him in. Now he was ruddy, and withal
of a beautiful countenance, and goodly to look to. And the LORD
said, Arise, anoint him: for this is he.
13 Then Samuel took the horn of oil, and anointed him in the
midst of his brethren: and the Spirit of the LORD came upon
David from that day forward. So Samuel rose up, and went to
14 But the Spirit of the LORD departed from Saul, and an evil
spirit from the LORD troubled him.
15 And Saul's servants said unto him, Behold now, an evil spirit
from God troubleth thee.
16 Let our lord now command thy servants, which are before thee,
to seek out a man, who is a cunning player on an harp: and it
shall come to pass, when the evil spirit from God is upon thee,
that he shall play with his hand, and thou shalt be well.
17 And Saul said unto his servants, Provide me now a man that
can play well, and bring him to me.
18 Then answered one of the servants, and said, Behold, I have
seen a son of Jesse the Bethlehemite, that is cunning in playing,
and a mighty valiant man, and a man of war, and prudent in matters,
and a comely person, and the LORD is with him.
19 Wherefore Saul sent messengers unto Jesse, and said, Send
me David thy son, which is with the sheep.
20 And Jesse took an ass laden with bread, and a bottle of wine,
and a kid, and sent them by David his son unto Saul.
21 And David came to Saul, and stood before him: and he loved
him greatly; and he became his armourbearer.
22 And Saul sent to Jesse, saying, Let David, I pray thee, stand
before me; for he hath found favour in my sight.
23 And it came to pass, when the evil spirit from God was upon
Saul, that David took an harp, and played with his hand: so
Saul was refreshed, and was well, and the evil spirit departed
1 Now the Philistines
gathered together their armies to battle, and were gathered
together at Shochoh, which belongeth to Judah, and pitched between
Shochoh and Azekah, in Ephes-dammim.
2 And Saul and the men of Israel were gathered together, and
pitched by the valley of Elah, and set the battle in array against
3 And the Philistines stood on a mountain on the one side, and
Israel stood on a mountain on the other side: and there was
a valley between them.
4 And there went out a champion out of the camp of the Philistines,
named Goliath, of Gath, whose height was six cubits and a span.
5 And he had an helmet of brass upon his head, and he was armed
with a coat of mail; and the weight of the coat was five thousand
shekels of brass.
6 And he had greaves of brass upon his legs, and a target of
brass between his shoulders.
7 And the staff of his spear was like a weaver's beam; and his
spear's head weighed six hundred shekels of iron: and one bearing
a shield went before him.
8 And he stood and cried unto the armies of Israel, and said
unto them, Why are ye come out to set your battle in array?
am not I a Philistine, and ye servants to Saul? choose you a
man for you, and let him come down to me.
9 If he be able to fight with me, and to kill me, then will
we be your servants: but if I prevail against him, and kill
him, then shall ye be our servants, and serve us.
10 And the Philistine said, I defy the armies of Israel this
day; give me a man, that we may fight together.
11 When Saul and all Israel heard those words of the Philistine,
they were dismayed, and greatly afraid.
12 Now David was the son of that Ephrathite of Bethlehemjudah,
whose name was Jesse; and he had eight sons: and the man went
among men for an old man in the days of Saul.
13 And the three eldest sons of Jesse went and followed Saul
to the battle: and the names of his three sons that went to
the battle were Eliab the firstborn, and next unto him Abinadab,
and the third Shammah.
14 And David was the youngest: and the three eldest followed
15 But David went and returned from Saul to feed his father's
sheep at Bethlehem.
16 And the Philistine drew near morning and evening, and presented
himself forty days.
17 And Jesse said unto David his son, Take now for thy brethren
an ephah of this parched corn, and these ten loaves, and run
to the camp to thy brethren;
18 And carry these ten cheeses unto the captain of their thousand,
and look how thy brethren fare, and take their pledge.
19 Now Saul, and they, and all the men of Israel, were in the
valley of Elah, fighting with the Philistines.
20 And David rose up early in the morning, and left the sheep
with a keeper, and took, and went, as Jesse had commanded him;
and he came to the trench, as the host was going forth to the
fight, and shouted for the battle.
21 For Israel and the Philistines had put the battle in array,
army against army.
22 And David left his carriage in the hand of the keeper of
the carriage, and ran into the army, and came and saluted his
23 And as he talked with them, behold, there came up the champion,
the Philistine of Gath, Goliath by name, out of the armies of
the Philistines, and spake according to the same words: and
David heard them.
24 And all the men of Israel, when they saw the man, fled from
him, and were sore afraid.
25 And the men of Israel said, Have ye seen this man that is
come up? surely to defy Israel is he come up: and it shall be,
that the man who killeth him, the king will enrich him with
great riches, and will give him his daughter, and make his father's
house free in Israel.
26 And David spake to the men that stood by him, saying, What
shall be done to the man that killeth this Philistine, and taketh
away the reproach from Israel? for who is this uncircumcised
Philistine, that he should defy the armies of the living God?
27 And the people answered him after this manner, saying, So
shall it be done to the man that killeth him.
28 And Eliab his eldest brother heard when he spake unto the
men; and Eliab's anger was kindled against David, and he said,
Why camest thou down hither? and with whom hast thou left those
few sheep in the wilderness? I know thy pride, and the naughtiness
of thine heart; for thou art come down that thou mightest see
29 And David said, What have I now done? Is there not a cause?
30 And he turned from him toward another, and spake after the
same manner: and the people answered him again after the former
31 And when the words were heard which David spake, they rehearsed
them before Saul: and he sent for him.
32 And David said to Saul, Let no man's heart fail because of
him; thy servant will go and fight with this Philistine.
33 And Saul said to David, Thou art not able to go against this
Philistine to fight with him: for thou art but a youth, and
he a man of war from his youth.
34 And David said unto Saul, Thy servant kept his father's sheep,
and there came a lion, and a bear, and took a lamb out of the
35 And I went out after him, and smote him, and delivered it
out of his mouth: and when he arose against me, I caught him
by his beard, and smote him, and slew him.
36 Thy servant slew both the lion and the bear: and this uncircumcised
Philistine shall be as one of them, seeing he hath defied the
armies of the living God.
37 David said moreover, The LORD that delivered me out of the
paw of the lion, and out of the paw of the bear, he will deliver
me out of the hand of this Philistine. And Saul said unto David,
Go, and the LORD be with thee.
38 And Saul armed David with his armour, and he put an helmet
of brass upon his head; also he armed him with a coat of mail.
39 And David girded his sword upon his armour, and he assayed
to go; for he had not proved it. And David said unto Saul, I
cannot go with these; for I have not proved them. And David
put them off him.
40 And he took his staff in his hand, and chose him five smooth
stones out of the brook, and put them in a shepherd's bag which
he had, even in a scrip; and his sling was in his hand: and
he drew near to the Philistine.
41 And the Philistine came on and drew near unto David; and
the man that bare the shield went before him.
42 And when the Philistine looked about, and saw David, he disdained
him: for he was but a youth, and ruddy, and of a fair countenance.
43 And the Philistine said unto David, Am I a dog, that thou
comest to me with staves? And the Philistine cursed David by
44 And the Philistine said to David, Come to me, and I will
give thy flesh unto the fowls of the air, and to the beasts
of the field.
45 Then said David to the Philistine, Thou comest to me with
a sword, and with a spear, and with a shield: but I come to
thee in the name of the LORD of hosts, the God of the armies
of Israel, whom thou hast defied.
46 This day will the LORD deliver thee into mine hand; and I
will smite thee, and take thine head from thee; and I will give
the carcases of the host of the Philistines this day unto the
fowls of the air, and to the wild beasts of the earth; that
all the earth may know that there is a God in Israel.
47 And all this assembly shall know that the LORD saveth not
with sword and spear: for the battle is the LORD's, and he will
give you into our hands.
48 And it came to pass, when the Philistine arose, and came
and drew nigh to meet David, that David hasted, and ran toward
the army to meet the Philistine.
49 And David put his hand in his bag, and took thence a stone,
and slang it, and smote the Philistine in his forehead, that
the stone sunk into his forehead; and he fell upon his face
to the earth.
50 So David prevailed over the Philistine with a sling and with
a stone, and smote the Philistine, and slew him; but there was
no sword in the hand of David.
51 Therefore David ran, and stood upon the Philistine, and took
his sword, and drew it out of the sheath thereof, and slew him,
and cut off his head therewith. And when the Philistines saw
their champion was dead, they fled.
52 And the men of Israel and of Judah arose, and shouted, and
pursued the Philistines, until thou come to the valley, and
to the gates of Ekron. And the wounded of the Philistines fell
down by the way to Shaaraim, even unto Gath, and unto Ekron.
53 And the children of Israel returned from chasing after the
Philistines, and they spoiled their tents.
54 And David took the head of the Philistine, and brought it
to Jerusalem; but he put his armour in his tent.
55 And when Saul saw David go forth against the Philistine,
he said unto Abner, the captain of the host, Abner, whose son
is this youth? And Abner said, As thy soul liveth, O king, I
56 And the king said, Enquire thou whose son the stripling is.
57 And as David returned from the slaughter of the Philistine,
Abner took him, and brought him before Saul with the head of
the Philistine in his hand.
58 And Saul said to him, Whose son art thou, thou young man?
And David answered, I am the son of thy servant Jesse the Bethlehemite.
1 And it came to
pass, when he had made an end of speaking unto Saul, that the
soul of Jonathan was knit with the soul of David, and Jonathan
loved him as his own soul.
2 And Saul took him that day, and would let him go no more home
to his father's house.
3 Then Jonathan and David made a covenant, because he loved
him as his own soul.
4 And Jonathan stripped himself of the robe that was upon him,
and gave it to David, and his garments, even to his sword, and
to his bow, and to his girdle.
5 And David went out whithersoever Saul sent him, and behaved
himself wisely: and Saul set him over the men of war, and he
was accepted in the sight of all the people, and also in the
sight of Saul's servants.
6 And it came to pass as they came, when David was returned
from the slaughter of the Philistine, that the women came out
of all cities of Israel, singing and dancing, to meet king Saul,
with tabrets, with joy, and with instruments of musick.
7 And the women answered one another as they played, and said,
Saul hath slain his thousands, and David his ten thousands.
8 And Saul was very wroth, and the saying displeased him; and
he said, They have ascribed unto David ten thousands, and to
me they have ascribed but thousands: and what can he have more
but the kingdom?
9 And Saul eyed David from that day and forward.
10 And it came to pass on the morrow, that the evil spirit from
God came upon Saul, and he prophesied in the midst of the house:
and David played with his hand, as at other times: and there
was a javelin in Saul's hand.
11 And Saul cast the javelin; for he said, I will smite David
even to the wall with it. And David avoided out of his presence
12 And Saul was afraid of David, because the LORD was with him,
and was departed from Saul.
13 Therefore Saul removed him from him, and made him his captain
over a thousand; and he went out and came in before the people.
14 And David behaved himself wisely in all his ways; and the
LORD was with him.
15 Wherefore when Saul saw that he behaved himself very wisely,
he was afraid of him.
16 But all Israel and Judah loved David, because he went out
and came in before them.
17 And Saul said to David, Behold my elder daughter Merab, her
will I give thee to wife: only be thou valiant for me, and fight
the LORD's battles. For Saul said, Let not mine hand be upon
him, but let the hand of the Philistines be upon him.
18 And David said unto Saul, Who am I? and what is my life,
or my father's family in Israel, that I should be son in law
to the king?
19 But it came to pass at the time when Merab Saul's daughter
should have been given to David, that she was given unto Adriel
the Meholathite to wife.
20 And Michal Saul's daughter loved David: and they told Saul,
and the thing pleased him.
21 And Saul said, I will give him her, that she may be a snare
to him, and that the hand of the Philistines may be against
him. Wherefore Saul said to David, Thou shalt this day be my
son in law in the one of the twain.
22 And Saul commanded his servants, saying, Commune with David
secretly, and say, Behold, the king hath delight in thee, and
all his servants love thee: now therefore be the king's son
23 And Saul's servants spake those words in the ears of David.
And David said, Seemeth it to you a light thing to be a king's
son in law, seeing that I am a poor man, and lightly esteemed?
24 And the servants of Saul told him, saying, On this manner
25 And Saul said, Thus shall ye say to David, The king desireth
not any dowry, but an hundred foreskins of the Philistines,
to be avenged of the king's enemies. But Saul thought to make
David fall by the hand of the Philistines.
26 And when his servants told David these words, it pleased
David well to be the king's son in law: and the days were not
27 Wherefore David arose and went, he and his men, and slew
of the Philistines two hundred men; and David brought their
foreskins, and they gave them in full tale to the king, that
he might be the king's son in law. And Saul gave him Michal
his daughter to wife.
28 And Saul saw and knew that the LORD was with David, and that
Michal Saul's daughter loved him.
29 And Saul was yet the more afraid of David; and Saul became
David's enemy continually.
30 Then the princes of the Philistines went forth: and it came
to pass, after they went forth, that David behaved himself more
wisely than all the servants of Saul; so that his name was much