Who was the author? The Book known as "Song of Songs", "Song of Solomon", or "Canticles" is usually thought to have been written by Solomon, in part on the basis of 1:1, although that verse can be understood as saying that the book is about him.
What is the book? Another of the Old Testament's wisdom writings, the book is made up of a series of linked scenes of dialog between a lover and his beloved, with comments from their friends interspersed.
Where was it written? If Solomon is indeed the author, the book was most likely written in Jerusalem, or at least in Judah.
When was it written? If Solomon wrote the book, the book can be dated to his reign in the tenth century B.C.
Why? The book is usually taken as a way of emphasizing God's love for His people, giving us an Old Testament picture of the Church as the Bride of Christ, while endorsing all the beauty of marital love in the process.
How? Using indirection, analogy, and foregrounding nature's sensuousness, the Divinely-inspired author evokes intense sensuous awareness without descending to crude titillation.
For further reading on the book of Song of Solomon:
- Keil, C.F. and F. Delitzsch. Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament, Volume VI: Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon, translated by M. G. Easton and published as three volumes in one. Grand Rapids, Michigan: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, reprinted August 1984. (There are some 176 pages on Song of Solomon.)
- Kretzmann, Paul E. Popular Commentary of the Bible: The Old Testament, Volume II, The Poetical and the Prophetical Books. St. Louis: Concordia Publishing House, 1924. (This volume, one that is in our Grace library, has 11 pages on Song of Solomon.)