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Daily Lectionary - Biblical Index

Psalms

Select a scripture reading below.



Who was the author? The Holy Spirit inspired the book of Psalms through a number of individuals. Many of the works contained in Psalms are ascribed to people like David, although some of the ascriptions may refer to psalms that are about people like David or written like those he wrote. In addition to the original authors, there were likely later inspired editors.

What is the book? The book of Psalms is a collection of collected songs of praise and prayer that were sung to the accompaniment of stringed instruments, such as harps, lutes, and lyres. The book is often called the hymnal of the Old Testament.

Where was it written? The individual psalms were written in a variety of places, such as in Babylon during the people of Judah's exile there. The various earlier collections of the psalms may also have different places of origin, as with the final collection as we have it.

When was it written? The final collection of the psalms into the book of Psalms as we have it likely took place in the third century B.C., although the psalms it brings together span the centuries that preceded.

Why? The book of Psalms contains songs of praise and prayer used by the faithful believers both in their individual lives and in corporate worship. They are intended to serve in believers' seeking and receiving the forgiveness of sins, as well as in their teaching and confessing the faith that receives that forgiveness of sins.

How? In rich poetical forms, although without the rhyme or meter that we think of when we think of poetry, the Psalms focus on God, accenting such things as His role in creating and sustaining the world, opposing the proud and upholding the humble, executing justice and righteousness, delivering the faithful by way of His promised Messiah. The psalms are uniquely and most-properly placed on the lips of that Messiah, Jesus Christ.

For further reading on the book of Psalms:

  • DaHood, Mitchell J. Psalms: Introduction, translation, and notes, The Anchor Bible, volumes 16, 17, and 17A. Garden City, NJ: Doubleday, 1966-1970. (I do not have these volumes, but I have consulted them personally or via others, not infrequently, while blogging on the Psalms. The scholarship is certainly more current than Delitzsch's below.)
  • Keil, C.F. and F. Delitzsch. Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament, Volume V, Psalms, three volumes translated by James Martin and published in one volume. Grand Rapids, Michigan: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, reprinted January 1986. (After my study Bible, this is the commentary I turn to next, but it is a somewhat harder to use more-scholarly commentary, and, written at the end of the nineteenth century, the scholarship is certainly somewhat dated.)

Scripture: Psalm 61

Scheduled Reading Date(s)
February 4, August 6

Biblog Post
http://www.graceelgin.org/my-journal/archives/2006_02.asp#000071
http://www.graceelgin.org/my-journal/archives/2007_02.asp#000437

Questions and Answers

Scripture: Psalm 72

Scheduled Reading Date(s)
February 15, August 17

Biblog Post
http://www.graceelgin.org/my-journal/archives/2006_02.asp#000082
http://www.graceelgin.org/my-journal/archives/2007_02.asp#000448

Questions and Answers

 


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