Who was the author? The book of 1 Peter was written by the inspiration of the Holy Spirit through its namesake, the Apostle Peter.
What is the book? The book is an apostolic letter from Peter to Gentile Christians throughout the five provinces of Asia Minor.
Where was it written? Peter likely wrote this first of the letters we have of his from Rome (he figuratively refers to the city as "Babylon"), from where he was later martyred.
When was it written? An approximate date for the writing of 1 Peter is A.D. 64.
Why? Possibly writing at the request of St. Paul, Peter writes to strengthen the believers and to encourage them to hope in the face of their increasing persecution, even as persecution was also increasing in Rome.
How? With a variety of rich themes, the letter packs a great deal of content into a few words. Perhaps most notably Peter makes a firm connection between believers' baptisms and their hope and strength in the face of persecution.
For further reading on the book of 1 Peter:
- Kretzmann, Paul E. Popular Commentary of the Bible: The New Testament, Volume II, The Epistles of the Apostle Paul, The Epistle to the Hebrews and the Catholic Epistles, the Book of Revelation. St. Louis: Concordia Publishing House, 1922. (This volume has 27 pages on 1 Peter.)
- Lenski, R. C. H. The Interpretation of the Epistles of St. Peter, St. John and St. Jude. Minneapolis, MN: Augsburg Publishing House, 1961. (This volume, originally published in 1945 is somewhat dated, but nevertheless you would likely find its 233 pages on 1 Peter helpful.)