1 Saul reigned
one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel,
2 Saul chose him three thousand men of Israel; whereof two thousand
were with Saul in Michmash and in mount Bethel, and a thousand
were with Jonathan in Gibeah of Benjamin: and the rest of the
people he sent every man to his tent.
3 And Jonathan smote the garrison of the Philistines that was
in Geba, and the Philistines heard of it. And Saul blew the
trumpet throughout all the land, saying, Let the Hebrews hear.
4 And all Israel heard say that Saul had smitten a garrison
of the Philistines, and that Israel also was had in abomination
with the Philistines. And the people were called together after
Saul to Gilgal.
5 And the Philistines gathered themselves together to fight
with Israel, thirty thousand chariots, and six thousand horsemen,
and people as the sand which is on the sea shore in multitude:
and they came up, and pitched in Michmash, eastward from Beth-aven.
6 When the men of Israel saw that they were in a strait, (for
the people were distressed,) then the people did hide themselves
in caves, and in thickets, and in rocks, and in high places,
and in pits.
7 And some of the Hebrews went over Jordan to the land of Gad
and Gilead. As for Saul, he was yet in Gilgal, and all the people
followed him trembling.
8 And he tarried seven days, according to the set time that
Samuel had appointed: but Samuel came not to Gilgal; and the
people were scattered from him.
9 And Saul said, Bring hither a burnt offering to me, and peace
offerings. And he offered the burnt offering.
10 And it came to pass, that as soon as he had made an end of
offering the burnt offering, behold, Samuel came; and Saul went
out to meet him, that he might salute him.
11 And Samuel said, What hast thou done? And Saul said, Because
I saw that the people were scattered from me, and that thou
camest not within the days appointed, and that the Philistines
gathered themselves together at Michmash;
12 Therefore said I, The Philistines will come down now upon
me to Gilgal, and I have not made supplication unto the LORD:
I forced myself therefore, and offered a burnt offering.
13 And Samuel said to Saul, Thou hast done foolishly: thou hast
not kept the commandment of the LORD thy God, which he commanded
thee: for now would the LORD have established thy kingdom upon
Israel for ever.
14 But now thy kingdom shall not continue: the LORD hath sought
him a man after his own heart, and the LORD hath commanded him
to be captain over his people, because thou hast not kept that
which the LORD commanded thee.
15 And Samuel arose, and gat him up from Gilgal unto Gibeah
of Benjamin. And Saul numbered the people that were present
with him, about six hundred men.
16 And Saul, and Jonathan his son, and the people that were
present with them, abode in Gibeah of Benjamin: but the Philistines
encamped in Michmash.
17 And the spoilers came out of the camp of the Philistines
in three companies: one company turned unto the way that leadeth
to Ophrah, unto the land of Shual:
18 And another company turned the way to Beth-horon: and another
company turned to the way of the border that looketh to the
valley of Zeboim toward the wilderness.
19 Now there was no smith found throughout all the land of Israel:
for the Philistines said, Lest the Hebrews make them swords
20 But all the Israelites went down to the Philistines, to sharpen
every man his share, and his coulter, and his axe, and his mattock.
21 Yet they had a file for the mattocks, and for the coulters,
and for the forks, and for the axes, and to sharpen the goads.
22 So it came to pass in the day of battle, that there was neither
sword nor spear found in the hand of any of the people that
were with Saul and Jonathan: but with Saul and with Jonathan
his son was there found.
23 And the garrison of the Philistines went out to the passage
1 Now it came to
pass upon a day, that Jonathan the son of Saul said unto the
young man that bare his armour, Come, and let us go over to
the Philistines' garrison, that is on the other side. But he
told not his father.
2 And Saul tarried in the uttermost part of Gibeah under a pomegranate
tree which is in Migron: and the people that were with him were
about six hundred men;
3 And Ahiah, the son of Ahitub, I-chabod's brother, the son
of Phinehas, the son of Eli, the LORD's priest in Shiloh, wearing
an ephod. And the people knew not that Jonathan was gone.
4 And between the passages, by which Jonathan sought to go over
unto the Philistines' garrison, there was a sharp rock on the
one side and a sharp rock on the other side: and the name of
the one was Bozez, and the name of the other Seneh.
5 The forefront of the one was situate northward over against
Michmash, and the other southward over against Gibeah.
6 And Jonathan said to the young man that bare his armour, Come,
and let us go over unto the garrison of these uncircumcised:
it may be that the LORD will work for us: for there is no restraint
to the LORD to save by many or by few.
7 And his armourbearer said unto him, Do all that is in thine
heart: turn thee; behold, I am with thee according to thy heart.
8 Then said Jonathan, Behold, we will pass over unto these men,
and we will discover ourselves unto them.
9 If they say thus unto us, Tarry until we come to you; then
we will stand still in our place, and will not go up unto them.
10 But if they say thus, Come up unto us; then we will go up:
for the LORD hath delivered them into our hand: and this shall
be a sign unto us.
11 And both of them discovered themselves unto the garrison
of the Philistines: and the Philistines said, Behold, the Hebrews
come forth out of the holes where they had hid themselves.
12 And the men of the garrison answered Jonathan and his armourbearer,
and said, Come up to us, and we will shew you a thing. And Jonathan
said unto his armourbearer, Come up after me: for the LORD hath
delivered them into the hand of Israel.
13 And Jonathan climbed up upon his hands and upon his feet,
and his armourbearer after him: and they fell before Jonathan;
and his armourbearer slew after him.
14 And that first slaughter, which Jonathan and his armourbearer
made, was about twenty men, within as it were an half acre of
land, which a yoke of oxen might plow.
15 And there was trembling in the host, in the field, and among
all the people: the garrison, and the spoilers, they also trembled,
and the earth quaked: so it was a very great trembling.
16 And the watchmen of Saul in Gibeah of Benjamin looked; and,
behold, the multitude melted away, and they went on beating
down one another.
17 Then said Saul unto the people that were with him, Number
now, and see who is gone from us. And when they had numbered,
behold, Jonathan and his armourbearer were not there.
18 And Saul said unto Ahiah, Bring hither the ark of God. For
the ark of God was at that time with the children of Israel.
19 And it came to pass, while Saul talked unto the priest, that
the noise that was in the host of the Philistines went on and
increased: and Saul said unto the priest, Withdraw thine hand.
20 And Saul and all the people that were with him assembled
themselves, and they came to the battle: and, behold, every
man's sword was against his fellow, and there was a very great
21 Moreover the Hebrews that were with the Philistines before
that time, which went up with them into the camp from the country
round about, even they also turned to be with the Israelites
that were with Saul and Jonathan.
22 Likewise all the men of Israel which had hid themselves in
mount Ephraim, when they heard that the Philistines fled, even
they also followed hard after them in the battle.
23 So the LORD saved Israel that day: and the battle passed
over unto Beth-aven.
24 And the men of Israel were distressed that day: for Saul
had adjured the people, saying, Cursed be the man that eateth
any food until evening, that I may be avenged on mine enemies.
So none of the people tasted any food.
25 And all they of the land came to a wood; and there was honey
upon the ground.
26 And when the people were come into the wood, behold, the
honey dropped; but no man put his hand to his mouth: for the
people feared the oath.
27 But Jonathan heard not when his father charged the people
with the oath: wherefore he put forth the end of the rod that
was in his hand, and dipped it in an honeycomb, and put his
hand to his mouth; and his eyes were enlightened.
28 Then answered one of the people, and said, Thy father straitly
charged the people with an oath, saying, Cursed be the man that
eateth any food this day. And the people were faint.
29 Then said Jonathan, My father hath troubled the land: see,
I pray you, how mine eyes have been enlightened, because I tasted
a little of this honey.
30 How much more, if haply the people had eaten freely to day
of the spoil of their enemies which they found? for had there
not been now a much greater slaughter among the Philistines?
31 And they smote the Philistines that day from Michmash to
Aijalon: and the people were very faint.
32 And the people flew upon the spoil, and took sheep, and oxen,
and calves, and slew them on the ground: and the people did
eat them with the blood.
33 Then they told Saul, saying, Behold, the people sin against
the LORD, in that they eat with the blood. And he said, Ye have
transgressed: roll a great stone unto me this day.
34 And Saul said, Disperse yourselves among the people, and
say unto them, Bring me hither every man his ox, and every man
his sheep, and slay them here, and eat; and sin not against
the LORD in eating with the blood. And all the people brought
every man his ox with him that night, and slew them there.
35 And Saul built an altar unto the LORD: the same was the first
altar that he built unto the LORD.
36 And Saul said, Let us go down after the Philistines by night,
and spoil them until the morning light, and let us not leave
a man of them. And they said, Do whatsoever seemeth good unto
thee. Then said the priest, Let us draw near hither unto God.
37 And Saul asked counsel of God, Shall I go down after the
Philistines? wilt thou deliver them into the hand of Israel?
But he answered him not that day.
38 And Saul said, Draw ye near hither, all the chief of the
people: and know and see wherein this sin hath been this day.
39 For, as the LORD liveth, which saveth Israel, though it be
in Jonathan my son, he shall surely die. But there was not a
man among all the people that answered him.
40 Then said he unto all Israel, Be ye on one side, and I and
Jonathan my son will be on the other side. And the people said
unto Saul, Do what seemeth good unto thee.
41 Therefore Saul said unto the LORD God of Israel, Give a perfect
lot. And Saul and Jonathan were taken: but the people escaped.
42 And Saul said, Cast lots between me and Jonathan my son.
And Jonathan was taken.
43 Then Saul said to Jonathan, Tell me what thou hast done.
And Jonathan told him, and said, I did but taste a little honey
with the end of the rod that was in mine hand, and, lo, I must
44 And Saul answered, God do so and more also: for thou shalt
surely die, Jonathan.
45 And the people said unto Saul, Shall Jonathan die, who hath
wrought this great salvation in Israel? God forbid: as the LORD
liveth, there shall not one hair of his head fall to the ground;
for he hath wrought with God this day. So the people rescued
Jonathan, that he died not.
46 Then Saul went up from following the Philistines: and the
Philistines went to their own place.
47 So Saul took the kingdom over Israel, and fought against
all his enemies on every side, against Moab, and against the
children of Ammon, and against Edom, and against the kings of
Zobah, and against the Philistines: and whithersoever he turned
himself, he vexed them.
48 And he gathered an host, and smote the Amalekites, and delivered
Israel out of the hands of them that spoiled them.
49 Now the sons of Saul were Jonathan, and Ishui, and Melchi-shua:
and the names of his two daughters were these; the name of the
firstborn Merab, and the name of the younger Michal:
50 And the name of Saul's wife was Ahinoam, the daughter of
Ahimaaz: and the name of the captain of his host was Abner,
the son of Ner, Saul's uncle.
51 And Kish was the father of Saul; and Ner the father of Abner
was the son of Abiel.
52 And there was sore war against the Philistines all the days
of Saul: and when Saul saw any strong man, or any valiant man,
he took him unto him.
1 Samuel also said
unto Saul, The LORD sent me to anoint thee to be king over his
people, over Israel: now therefore hearken thou unto the voice
of the words of the LORD.
2 Thus saith the LORD of hosts, I remember that which Amalek
did to Israel, how he laid wait for him in the way, when he
came up from Egypt.
3 Now go and smite Amalek, and utterly destroy all that they
have, and spare them not; but slay both man and woman, infant
and suckling, ox and sheep, camel and ass.
4 And Saul gathered the people together, and numbered them in
Telaim, two hundred thousand footmen, and ten thousand men of
5 And Saul came to a city of Amalek, and laid wait in the valley.
6 And Saul said unto the Kenites, Go, depart, get you down from
among the Amalekites, lest I destroy you with them: for ye shewed
kindness to all the children of Israel, when they came up out
of Egypt. So the Kenites departed from among the Amalekites.
7 And Saul smote the Amalekites from Havilah until thou comest
to Shur, that is over against Egypt.
8 And he took Agag the king of the Amalekites alive, and utterly
destroyed all the people with the edge of the sword.
9 But Saul and the people spared Agag, and the best of the sheep,
and of the oxen, and of the fatlings, and the lambs, and all
that was good, and would not utterly destroy them: but every
thing that was vile and refuse, that they destroyed utterly.
10 Then came the word of the LORD unto Samuel, saying,
11 It repenteth me that I have set up Saul to be king: for he
is turned back from following me, and hath not performed my
commandments. And it grieved Samuel; and he cried unto the LORD
12 And when Samuel rose early to meet Saul in the morning, it
was told Samuel, saying, Saul came to Carmel, and, behold, he
set him up a place, and is gone about, and passed on, and gone
down to Gilgal.
13 And Samuel came to Saul: and Saul said unto him, Blessed
be thou of the LORD: I have performed the commandment of the
14 And Samuel said, What meaneth then this bleating of the sheep
in mine ears, and the lowing of the oxen which I hear?
15 And Saul said, They have brought them from the Amalekites:
for the people spared the best of the sheep and of the oxen,
to sacrifice unto the LORD thy God; and the rest we have utterly
16 Then Samuel said unto Saul, Stay, and I will tell thee what
the LORD hath said to me this night. And he said unto him, Say
17 And Samuel said, When thou wast little in thine own sight,
wast thou not made the head of the tribes of Israel, and the
LORD anointed thee king over Israel?
18 And the LORD sent thee on a journey, and said, Go and utterly
destroy the sinners the Amalekites, and fight against them until
they be consumed.
19 Wherefore then didst thou not obey the voice of the LORD,
but didst fly upon the spoil, and didst evil in the sight of
20 And Saul said unto Samuel, Yea, I have obeyed the voice of
the LORD, and have gone the way which the LORD sent me, and
have brought Agag the king of Amalek, and have utterly destroyed
21 But the people took of the spoil, sheep and oxen, the chief
of the things which should have been utterly destroyed, to sacrifice
unto the LORD thy God in Gilgal.
22 And Samuel said, Hath the LORD as great delight in burnt
offerings and sacrifices, as in obeying the voice of the LORD?
Behold, to obey is better than sacrifice, and to hearken than
the fat of rams.
23 For rebellion is as the sin of witchcraft, and stubbornness
is as iniquity and idolatry. Because thou hast rejected the
word of the LORD, he hath also rejected thee from being king.
24 And Saul said unto Samuel, I have sinned: for I have transgressed
the commandment of the LORD, and thy words: because I feared
the people, and obeyed their voice.
25 Now therefore, I pray thee, pardon my sin, and turn again
with me, that I may worship the LORD.
26 And Samuel said unto Saul, I will not return with thee: for
thou hast rejected the word of the LORD, and the LORD hath rejected
thee from being king over Israel.
27 And as Samuel turned about to go away, he laid hold upon
the skirt of his mantle, and it rent.
28 And Samuel said unto him, The LORD hath rent the kingdom
of Israel from thee this day, and hath given it to a neighbour
of thine, that is better than thou.
29 And also the Strength of Israel will not lie nor repent:
for he is not a man, that he should repent.
30 Then he said, I have sinned: yet honour me now, I pray thee,
before the elders of my people, and before Israel, and turn
again with me, that I may worship the LORD thy God.
31 So Samuel turned again after Saul; and Saul worshipped the
32 Then said Samuel, Bring ye hither to me Agag the king of
the Amalekites. And Agag came unto him delicately. And Agag
said, Surely the bitterness of death is past.
33 And Samuel said, As thy sword hath made women childless,
so shall thy mother be childless among women. And Samuel hewed
Agag in pieces before the LORD in Gilgal.
34 Then Samuel went to Ramah; and Saul went up to his house
to Gibeah of Saul.
35 And Samuel came no more to see Saul until the day of his
death: nevertheless Samuel mourned for Saul: and the LORD repented
that he had made Saul king over Israel.